Introduction


As we walk around the streets of Singapore, we have noticed that there is an increasing number of people that is bespectacled, or have put on contact lenses to aid them in their sight. The most common eye problem in Singapore is known as myopia. It is alternatively known as short-sightedness, and seem to be inflicted in people who spend long hours in front of their electronic devices as well as books. According to a magazine known as New Scientist, 80% of youngsters now need glasses in Asian countries like Singapore, Hong Kong and Taiwan, just 30% higher than the 50% of young adults who needs glasses in European countries such as America and the United Kingdom. This has became a rather worrying topic for adults and children alike nationwide, and thus our topic for this year’s IRS research is the causes, effects and preventions of myopia. Also, it has been stated that children who have myopia at young ages tend to become blind when they get older, which is a really serious problems as a person’s eye is like the window to see the world and imagine all the difficulties a person will face if he/she is blind.Thus, for our group’s IRS, we decided to research on what exactly causes myopia, what are the effects myopia has and lastly how can people prevent myopia.


As you can see, many people in the 21st century are affected by myopia. Myopia is alternatively known as short-sightedness, and seem to be be most commonly inflicted in people who spend long hours in front of their electronic devices as well as books without giving the eyes a break and constant rest and care .

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